Two women to lead iron ore miner Fortescue

Julie Shuttleworth at Cloudbreak ore processing facility.JPGBillionaire mining magnate Andrew “Twiggy” Forrest has unveiled a “new dawn” at Fortescue Metals Group, announcing that two women would lead the miner, with Elizabeth Gaines to be the next chief executive and Julie Shuttleworth to be deputy CEO in a series of leadership changes at the company.
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It is a history-making announcement, given it is touted as the first time women have been appointed CEO and deputy CEO of a major Australian ASX-listed mining company.

The two female appointments represented half of four leadership appointments announced by Mr Forrest on Thursday, the major shareholder and chairman of the company. All four, which included a new chief operating officer (Greg Lilleyman) and a new chief financial officer (Ian Wells), were internal appointments.

Mr Forrest praised the appointees, describing Ms Gaines and Ms Shuttleworth as “a really phenomenal team” who got their positions on ability.

“The best people were appointed to these four positions, regardless of gender,” he said.

Ms Gaines, the miner’s chief financial officer, will become just the third CEO of the company, which was founded in 2003. She will succeed the highly regarded Nev Power.

“She has shown to her board that she has all the ability of a first-class leader,” Mr Forrest said.

In a media call shortly after the changes were unveiled, Ms Gaines, who was raised in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, acknowledged that the history-making element of the announcement would be “of interest” to people.

She also said: “I think it is an important signal to corporate Australia, around the importance of having diversity at the C-suite, not just around the board table. And there’s been quite a bit of progress made at a board level, but I think for the C-suite, there does need to be greater focus. And if these appointments actually bring that into focus I think that’s a good thing.”

At which point Mr Forrest added: “It’s a valuable by-product.”

Ms Gaines, 54, also said she was humbled and privileged to be selected as the next CEO of the Perth-based miner, one of the biggest iron ore producers in Australia. She joined Fortescue in 2013 as a non-executive director, and become CFO in early 2017.

Mr Forrest said the new leadership team would mark “a smooth transition of cultural change”, and the new leaders were expected to be in their new positions in early 2018.

“All four appointments are internal. I think that speaks volumes for the leadership of this company,” he said.

“This team brings together a group of incredible individuals who are ingrained with Fortescue’s culture, who all possess the experience, talent and personal values required to lead our company’s new direction. Collectively, they will champion Fortescue’s unique culture, which is built on the strength of our family values, looking out for your mates and having the courage and determination to set immensely challenging stretch targets and to, in general, deliver against them.”

Ms Shuttleworth, most recently general manager of Fortescue’s Solomon operations, said she was thrilled to be appointed deputy CEO. She said that the appointment of two female leaders by the miner would be “an inspiration to other women” across Australia.

Also on Thursday Mr Forrest said it was a “target” of Fortescue’s that in future, though he didn’t set a timetable, that “a majority” of the company’s iron ore production would have iron grades greater than 60 per cent.

This year Fortescue’s revenue from iron ore sales to China have been affected by the push by Chinese authorities to cut pollution. The push is hitting Chinese steel makers and having ramifications for miners, because iron ore is a key ingredient in steel making.

To address concerns over pollution, Chinese steelmakers are favouring ore with higher iron grades, which they pay higher prices for. Fortescue sells ore with iron grades of about 58.5 per cent, which attracts a lower price than the industry benchmark.

In October, when Fortescue released its September 2017 quarterly production report, Mr Power said the discounts for its iron ore were continuing for longer than expected “because of the continuing supply-side reform interventions” in China. At the time, Fortescue also lowered its price guidance for fiscal 2018.

Shares in Fortescue eased 2?? on Thursday, to close at $4.60.

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Changing of the guard: police chief moves on

LAST DAY: Superintendent John Gralton at Waratah police station on Thursday. Picture: Max Mason-Hubers WHEN Superintendent John Gralton took the reins of Newcastle police six years ago, the hangover of alcohol-fuelled violence on city streets was still throbbing.
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Officers had just come through years of going to “brawl to brawl to brawl”, before controversial lockout laws were introduced in 2008, but the reality was that five Newcastle venues were still on the state’s most violent list.

Superintendent Gralton decided that Newcastle needed a culture change, and it’s why he doesn’t hold back in fighting attempts to relax lockout laws.

“I say caution, caution, caution,” he said. “The city has changed, the culture has changed, and that’s because we’ve done that work. We implemented those restrictions.”

Speaking on his last day as Newcastle police chief, Superintendent Gralton lists building on the lockout laws asone of his proudest achievements in leading thecity’s “exceptional” officers since 2011.

He admitted it was with an “element of sadness” that he left the coveted post, but also great pleasure as he looked back.

Superintendent Gralton also recalled a press conference where he vowed to “leave no stone unturned” after two elderly residents were murdered in the SummitCare nursing home in Wallsend in 2013.

Superindendent John Gralton will make the move to Tuggerah Lakes. Picture: Max Mason-Hubers

He said police got their guilty verdict through “thousands of hours” of investigation.

“Our detectives didn’t let us down,” he said.

“They worked methodically. Things like pouring over, frame by frame by frame, of CCTV to eliminate suspects. Unbelievable. You can only imagine how tedious it was,but how committed they were.”

Then there was the time police came under intense scrutiny as the Special Commission of Inquiry probed alleged cover-ups of child sexual abuse in the Hunter.

“We were absolutely vindicated in that Commission of Inquiry,” Superintendent Gralton said, highlighting the fact Newcastle police had charged a number of people from inside and outside the church with child sexual offences.

Despite those challenges, Superintendent Gralton said his toughest daycame when Senior Constable Tony Tamplin –one of the Hunter’s most loved officers –died after suffering a heart attack.

“The day Tony died –it took a piece of the city’s heart,” he said.

Throughout all the ups and downs, he said Newcastle police remained a “tight” unit.

“I’m very proud of that,” he said. “The men and women, the backup administration support, the volunteers. They are the ones who make a difference on the street.”

Superintendent Gralton will continue fighting crime as Tuggerah Lakes police chief. Superintendent Brett Greentree will take over as Newcastle’s top cop next week.

Scott died as a result of a gay hate attack, coroner finds

SMH News story by, Harriet Alexander. Story, Scott Johnson inquest.Brother and boyfriend of Scott Johnson expected to give evidence atGlebe Coroner’s Court. The third inquest into the death of 27-year-oldstudent Scott Johnson, whose body was found at the base of a cliff inSydney’s north in the 1980s will resume. Mr Johnson’s family believehe did not commit suicide and was the victim of a gay hate crime.Photo shows, (L) Daniel Glick who was hired by, Scott Johnson’s brother, ( R) Steve Johnson to investigate the case and get enough evidence to re-open the inquest, pictured arriving at the court. Photo by, Peter Rae Wednesday, 14 June, 2017.An extraordinary third coronial inquest into the death of Scott Johnson has found the young mathematician died as a result of a gay hate crime when he fell from a cliff top in December 1988.
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Mr Johnson’s naked body was found on the rocks near the ocean, just north of Blue Fish Point on North Head. His clothes were found neatly folded on the clifftop.

At the time police swiftly determined death by suicide, with no witnesses to have come forward since.

On Thursday, NSW Coroner Michael Barnes determined the area above the rocks where Mr Johnson’s body was found was at the time a “gay beat”.

He determined that “Scott had none of the characteristics usually associated with suicide”.

“The evidence establishes that at the relevant time there were gangs of men who habitually went to various locations around Sydney where they expected to find homosexual men with a view to assaulting them,” Mr Barnes found.

“I am persuaded … that Scott died as a result of a gay hate attack.”

The inquest into Mr Johnson’s death is only the second time a third inquest has been held into a single matter since the trilogy of inquests into the death of Azaria Chamberlain.

Mr Johnson’s brother Steve Johnson has been the driving force for further investigations to be conducted into Scott’s death, stepping up his efforts in 2005 after a series of suspected gay hate murders in Bondi came to light.

Outside the Coroner’s Court in Glebe on Thursday, Steve Johnson said he was “frustrated and dismayed it took 12 years” for his brother’s death to be acknowledged as a gay hate crime.

“It is a historic time in Australia for the LGBTQ community, for everyone … I think the police should be free to investigate this as they know how to do, focusing on homicide, which is something they haven’t really done in the past.”

Mr Johnson’s senior legal counsel John Agius said that, while justice had been somewhat attained for Scott, it could be completed if police embraced the new findings.

“If [police] stop trying to defend the negligence that applied within the first few days of Scott’s death and investigate this as it should have been investigated then … as a murder.”

Mr Agius criticised police for never revisiting the scene on the northern side of North Head, after Scott’s body was retrieved.

“They never went back there, [nor] canvassed the area. If they had, they would have found it was a gay beat. That would have immediately explained to them why it was that the body of Scott was not clothed … and that … there was a very large likelihood this death was the result of homicide or gay hate crime,” he said.

“The police have never acknowledged that they have been in error. They have clung to the idea this was a suicide, the way you would cling to a piece of driftwood. Now is their opportunity to show they can investigate a cold case and to investigate it as a murder.”

In a statement NSW Police Force said the Homicide Squad’s Strike Force Macnamir had conducted an exhaustive investigation into Mr Johnson’s death over the past four years.

“While the Coroner has not made a recommendation for further investigation, we understand the frustration of Mr Johnson’s family, who have sought the answers to his death,” the statement said, adding that the case remained open and that any new information would be thoroughly investigated.

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Government in name only as PM surrenders on the politics

There have been plenty of bizarre “firsts” this year, like finding out the deputy prime minister was not a member of Parliament.
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Or watching a Prime Minister slam dual citizenship allegations as a disgraceful witch-hunt, right up until he introduced a Parliament-wide citizenship register.

But the spectacle of a government being dragged kicking and screaming to conduct a royal commission it had utterly, repeatedly, indignantly opposed, until two days ago, was almost too much to take in.

Driven by the prospect of a humiliating loss on the floor of the Parliament, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Treasurer Scott Morrison did not mask their contempt in policy terms for a “regrettable” inquiry process to which they had just allocated $75 million and a heap of government attention and resources.

They could not reassure taxpayers that the inquiry would be money well-spent, nor even that it would meet its unrealistically tight 14-month deadline, with Turnbull conceding the normal course for royal commissions is to drag on interminably, often expanding in scope along the way.

In lock-step, right down to their ties, the two men rationalised an excruciating about-face on the spurious grounds that resisting a banking royal commission was becoming more dangerous to fragile confidence in the financial system than holding the damn thing. This, despite the fact that they had always said an inquiry would increase the risks for that same system.

In his pre-capitulation phase (i.e. 24 hours ago), Turnbull would have welcomed John Howard saying he would be “staggered” if a royal commission into the banks was ever called by a Coalition government.

Now, however, what Howard regarded as unthinkable and had dubbed “rank socialism” is government policy – an emergency intervention to protect the financial system.

No one’s buying it.

Yes, there was a rapidly worsening risk equation here but it wasn’t declining confidence in the banks the PM was worried about, so much as collapsing confidence in the government itself.

In the end, Turnbull realised the mortal threat from a party room in open revolt.

What followed was utter capitulation, powerlessness personified, marked by a theatrically exaggerated attack on the opposition for backing the royal commission when plainly it was Turnbull’s own troops who had forced his hand.

As for the banks, who we’re told asked for the inquiry, it seems their “political” antennae were more attuned to the forces threatening to swamp the government than the government itself.

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Markets are at highest since 1900, so expect some pain

A prolonged bull market across stocks, bonds and credit has left a measure of average valuation at the highest since 1900 – and at some point this is going to translate into pain for investors, warns Goldman Sachs.
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“It has seldom been the case that equities, bonds and credit have been similarly expensive at the same time, only in the Roaring 20s and the Golden 50s,” Goldman Sachs International strategists including Christian Mueller-Glissman wrote in a note this week.

“All good things must come to an end” and “there will be a bear market, eventually” they said.

As central banks cut back their monetary stimulus measures, pushing up the premiums investors demand to hold longer-dated bonds, returns are “likely to be lower across assets” over the medium term, the analysts said.

A second, less likely, scenario would involve “fast pain.” Stock and bond valuations would both get hit, with the mix depending on whether the trigger involved a negative growth shock, or a growth shock alongside an inflation pick-up.

“Elevated valuations increase the risk of draw-downs for the simple reason that there is less buffer to absorb shocks,” the strategists wrote. They said the average valuation percentile across shares, bonds and credit in the US, the world’s biggest financial market, “is 90 per cent, an all-time high.”

A portfolio of 60 per cent S&P 500 Index stocks and 40 per cent 10-year US Treasuries generated a 7.1 per cent inflation-adjusted return since 1985, Goldman calculated — compared with 4.8 per cent over the last century. The tech-bubble implosion and global financial crisis were the two taints to the record.

Low inflation has prevailed in the current period, just as it did alongside economic growth in the 1920s and 1950s, according to the Goldman report.

“The worst outcome for 60/40 portfolios is high and rising inflation, which is when both bonds and equities suffer, even outside recessions.” An increase in interest rates triggered by price pressures “remains a key risk for multi-asset portfolios. Duration risk in bond markets is much higher this cycle,” they wrote.

In the Goldman strategists’ main scenario of lower but positive returns, investors should “stay invested and could even be lured to lever up.” They suggested putting more in shares, with their greater risk-adjusted returns, and scaling back the duration of investments in fixed income.

Other findings in the report include: The exceptionally low volatility found in the stock market — with the volatility index VIX near the record low it reached in September — could continue. History has featured periods when low volatility lasted more than three years. The current one began in mid-2016.Valuations have a “mixed track record” for predicting returns, explaining less than half the variation since 1900.Major draw-downs in 60/40 portfolios over the past century amounted to 26 per cent in real terms on average, lasting 19 months. It took two years to get back to previous peaks, on average.Bonds are probably less good hedges for equities nowadays — a point also made by Pacific Investment Management Co., the world’s largest bond manager.Central banks “might not be able or willing to buffer growth or inflation shocks,” especially if they judge that imbalances and excesses are building. They also face fewer options to ease monetary policy given low rates and big balance sheets.


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No common ground: Youth community left searching for new homePHOTOS, VIDEOS

PACKED OUT: Novocastrian band Milky Thred performs at The Commons in November for their packed out single launch. Picture: Andrew Brassington.The Commons has spent the past few years establishing itselfas both a community space for Novocastrian youth, and an all-agesmusic venue, but now the doors are swinging shut.
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The closure comes aftercomplaints suggestedthe community café was operating without consent on Beaumont Street.

Official submissionsled to aninspection conducted by Newcastle City Council, which revealed Fellowship House had “no consent” to be operating as an entertainment facility, and did not comply with regulation fire safety requirements.

It’s hard news to swallow for the young adult community that lost The Loft in 2013, and now they are left searching for an alternative again.

Since the news of council inspection, Boys Don’t Cry Collective has founded a petition that proposes“council provide a replacement solution as soon as possible”.

So far more than 3,600 signatures have been provided for the change.orgpetition.

No common ground: Youth community left searching for new home | PHOTOS, VIDEOS The all-ages crowd at The Commons.

Looseleaf IV.

Smacked Youth.

Dr Dingo and the Space Cadets.

Milky Threds.

Cherry Stain.

Looseleaf IV.

Smacked Youth.

Dr Dingo and the Space Cadets.

Milky Thred.

TweetFacebook The Commons was home to Newcastle’s all-age gigsThe community’s response, petition founder Andrew Brassingtonsaid, is a strong testament to how important spaces like The Commons are to young adults looking to enjoy live music.

“We had more than 3000 signatures in less than three days, and that’s not just from Newcastle,” Brassington said. “People in this town and country are passionate about fostering local music scenes.”

Council hasstated that they are looking to work with the Uniting Church, which owns Fellowship House,to bring the building up to standard fire safety compliancein the near future.

“We will work with the church to make the building compliant,” a spokesperson for the council said. “The Uniting Church voluntarily ceased operations and has assured Council that any future activities would first go through the necessary approvals process to ensure the safety of occupants.”

The Commons was foundedin 2012 on first floor of the Uniting Church building at 150Beaumont Street, Hamilton, and will have operated as a live music venue for eight months by the time ‘last soft drinks’ are called.

It’s the possibility of a new and exciting future that The Commons committee, andco-founder Tim Evans,are taking away from the situation.

“We’re not sure of what we are going to do doing in the short term, but there’s a lot of different people, parties and players that make up The Commons so we want to have a unified approach,” Evans said. “We want to make sure that we can get the best result for the community out of all these uncertain times.”

“The discussion now if whether we take some concessions and keep working out of that space, or if we look for a larger space that maybe doesn’t have some limitations. That’s what the plan for the meeting will be.”

Evans ishopeful that the short term changewill meanlong term improvement, and wants input at a meeting that will be hosted at Fellowship House next week.

“I’m hugely excited right now about what we can do with this situation,” he said. “It’s going to potentially be a fantastic thing, we want to steer all this positive energy that people have had since the news into creating another vibrant and great gathering.”

Boys Don’t Cry Collectiverevealed that The Commons will host justthree more gigs before its closure.

The first show will be Paper Thin’s performance on Friday, December 1, and a week later Vacations will play their hometown gig for the “Moving Out” tour on Friday, December 9.

The final Commons show will be hosted on Wednesday, December 20, with organisers promising a huge line-up for the goodbye event. An announcement for which bands will play the last showwill be announced in early December.

“We don’t want to lose the crowds of young adults that come to these events, we often get crowds into the hundreds for these gigs,” Brassington said. “In terms of the bands themselves, it gives them a chance to learn their craft in front of happy crowds. There’s nowherefor under 18 bands to perform.”

The meeting to discuss the future of The Commons will be hosted at Fellowship House on at 6.30pm, WednesdayDecember 6.

Sign the petition

The perfect parcel in Forrest

Tennyson Crescent is undoubtedly one of the more sought-after addresses in leafy Forrest and that’s the first feature that heightens the appeal of No.22.
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The second is that this modest two-storey house sits on a mouth-watering 2476 square metres of prime, inner-south land.

This beautiful, rectangular block has minimal plantings, which makes it somewhat of a blank canvas if the fortunate buyer has grand designs in mind.

That’s not to say the existing home is without its charms – it has the warmth that only timber floors and an open fireplace can deliver.

There’s certainly plenty more to like, with french windows bathing the formal living and dining areas in light while a renovated kitchen and two bathrooms deliver contemporary comforts.

A glorious, parquetry-laid sunroom offers the perfect spot for a morning coffee while an upper-level deck provides an elevated position to take in the scenery over a sundowner. There’s also a detached single garage and carport.

No.22 Tennyson Crescent can best be summed up as a property with options. It really comes down to the imagination of its new owner. Live in, extend, or build the house of your dreams on a blue-chip parcel of land.

Whatever you decide, one thing won’t change: the unrivalled location – close to quality schools, the Manuka and Kingston shops and the parliamentary triangle.



PRICE GUIDE: $3 million-plus

EER: 1.5

AGENTS: Richard Luton & James Carter, Luton Properties Canberra City, 0418 697 844 & 0413 974 912

AUCTION: Saturday, December 9, 3pm, on-site

2 bed 2 bath 2 parking

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Shining light on disability

DAZZLING DISPLAY: Leapfrog CEO Bruce Mulligan and Leapfrog Chairperson Liz Nicol join local V8 Supercar driver Aaren Russell at the official opening of the Carrington Grain Silo lights display.The Newcastle Harbour night sky now looks even more spectacular as the Carrington Grain Silos shines iridescent blue and orange, representing equality, harmony, accessibility and diversity in celebration of the upcoming International Day of People with Disability on December 2.
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Local disability services provider Leapfrog Ability and GrainCorp have teamed together again to create the display, in a unanimous show of support for people living with disability.

“There are an enormous number of people and organisations across the Hunter who stand firmly behind the principles of equity and accessibility,” Leapfrog CEO Bruce Mulligan said.

“The Carrington light display is about opening up conversations around how we, as individuals and as a community, can embrace our fellow members living with disability with dignity and respect.”

And there was no better opportunity than last Wednesday night to flick the light switch as Newcastle buzzed with excitement in the lead-up to theV8 Supercars Newcastle 500.

Supercar racing identity and proud Novocastrian Aaren Russell took time out of his hectic pre-race schedule to attend the lighting, bringing further attention to this important Day celebrated internationally as a means to increase public awareness, understanding and acceptance of people with disability, and celebrate the achievements and contributions of people with disability.

Such being the story behind the co-owner of the team Aaren now races for, Lucas Dumbrell Motorsport.

Former racer Lucas Dumbrell remains the youngest team owner in the V8 Supercar Championship Series.

At the tender age of 19, he made history and established the team after an accident in a Formula Ford at Oran Park in late 2008 left him a quadriplegic and stripped him of his lifelong dream of competing in V8 Supercars as a driver. Lucas Dumbrell Motorsport raced two Holdens last weekend.

International Day of People with Disability is December 2. The Carrington Grain Silos can be seen from many vantage points along the Newcastle Harbour and will remain lit until December 7.

Packer interviewed by AFP over investigation into Israeli PM

The Australian Federal Police interviewed billionaire James Packer on Wednesday in connection with the Israeli investigation into its Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu.
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Israeli investigators listened in on the interview, which is looking into allegations that the Netanyahu family received lavish gifts, including champagne, cigars, fine clothes and jewellery, from wealthy businessmen including Mr Packer.

Israeli state employees and elected officials are forbidden from accepting gifts, but Mr Netanyahu has characterised the items in question as personal gifts from friends.

This reportedly includes providing luxury holidays and hotels for the PM’s family as well as free tickets to concerts given by Mr Packer’s then fiancee, pop chanteuse Mariah Carey.

There is no suggestion of wrongdoing by Mr Packer.

A spokesman for Mr Packer confirmed that he was interviewed in Melbourne on Wednesday “as a potential witness in an investigation in Israel”.

An AFP spokesperson said “Mr Packer participated in an interview conducted by the AFP, in consultation with Israel”.

The AFP said he participated in the interview “on a voluntary basis as a witness for an investigation being conducted by Israeli authorities”.

“Mr Packer is not suspected of criminal conduct in either Israel or Australia with respect to this investigation.”

Mr Packer has a close relationship with Mr Netanyahu, but according to Israeli reports he was recruited by Hollywood mogul Arnon Milchan to help fund the systematic demands of the Netanyahus.

Mr Packer has a home in Tel Aviv that has the Netanyahu family as a neighbour.

“Spending time with Arnon and Prime Minister Netanyahu has been an amazing eye-opener for me and it reinforces how lucky we all are in Australia,” Mr Packer told The Daily Telegraph in 2015.

The connection between Milchan and the Packer family goes back to the 1990s, when Kerry Packer acquired a 25 per cent stake in Milchan’s movie production business, New Regency, for $165 million.

Milchan, a former Israeli intelligence operative and arms dealer, has film credits that include Pretty Woman, and recent Oscar winners The Revenant and 12 Years a Slave.

James Packer has also enthusiastically pursued a relationship with Milchan. Mr Packer has invested $15 million in Milchan’s security firm, Blue Sky International, which has recruited senior experts from Israel’s intelligence and security service.

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Gallagher’s citizenship declaration to face ACT inquiry

An ACT Legislative Assembly committee will investigate Labor Senator Katy Gallagher’s 2015 declaration stating that she was not a foreign citizen.
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The inquiry will investigate the Assembly’s two past nominations for Senate casual vacancies, including Senator Gallagher’s nomination, as part of a territory response to the widening citizenship crisis engulfing the federal parliament.

It follows an Opposition push for twin inquiries – one into the administrative process and a second “privileges” probe into Senator Gallagher’s nomination.

Greens leader Shane Rattenbury, who holds the balance of power in the Assembly, would not back a specific probe into Senator Gallagher’s nomination.

All parties in the Assembly have backed an amendment he tabled on Thursday for a wider inquiry into the nominations process, the scope of which would take in Senator Gallagher’s nomination.

But Chief Minister Andrew Barr said the inquiry would not have any practical bearing on Senator Gallagher’s position, given it did not relate to her contemporary appointment, but an earlier federal parliamentary term.

While Mrs Dunne said it was only “tangentially attached” to Senator Gallagher’s declaration, she said the inquiry would investigate the senator’s declaration, as the inquiry terms were both prospective and retrospective in nature.

The Assembly has only filled two such casual vacancies since self-government, Senator Gallagher’s nomination in 2015 and former Liberal Senator Gary Humphries’ in 2003.

A copy of the amendment shows the inquiry would be largely administrative in nature, focussing on the Assembly’s process for nominations, given the constitutional crisis facing the federal parliament.

It will also consider such processes in other jurisdictions, whether the two nominations may be considered “in hindsight to be unsound” and what improvements could be made to the Assembly’s process.

Senator Gallagher, a former ACT chief minister, renounced any entitlement to British citizenship just before the 2016 election, acting on advice from Labor officials as she nominated for re-election.

But it is unclear whether she was eligible to fill a casual vacancy from March 2015 until she was elected in her own right in 2016, as her father was a British citizen.

Earlier this month, former Home Office lawyer Phillip Gamble said she likely would have acquired British nationality by operation of law at her birth.

Senator Gallagher has refused to say when moves to renounce entitlement to UK dual citizenship were officially confirmed by British authorities.

But she has said she was advised that submitting a renunciation ahead of the 2016 election, on April 20 last year, meant she had taken “all reasonable steps to renounce any entitlement to British citizenship”.

The inquiry will report back to the Assembly in March next year.

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